In this chapter we will look at some of the issues surrounding creation, which are
amongst the major reasons why people lose their faith. Since Darwin introduced the
Theory of Evolution about 150 years ago, which seemingly made God obsolete, Christianity
has struggled to defend its position of faith in the first chapters of Genesis in
a scientific world.
Before we begin to discuss creation, it is important to have an understanding of
a few of fundamental principles that govern the universe.
First Law of Thermodynamics, which we have already discussed, states that energy
can be changed from one form to another, but it cannot be created or destroyed. The
total amount of energy and matter in the Universe remains constant, merely changing
from one form to another. Energy is always conserved: it cannot be created or destroyed.
The Second Law of Thermodynamics states that, in all energy exchanges, if no energy
enters or leaves the system, the potential energy of the state will always be less
than that of the initial state. This is also commonly referred to as Entropy. A clock
spring will run until the potential energy in the spring is converted, and not again
until energy is reapplied to the spring to rewind it. Once the potential energy locked
in carbohydrates is converted into kinetic energy (energy in use or motion), the
organism will get no more until energy is input again in the form of food. Entropy
is a measure of disorder. Entropy wins when organisms cease to take in energy and
In its basic form, the law of Entropy states that everything proceeds in a one way
direction from order towards chaos unless there is intervention. Other examples are
the way hot articles cool down until they take on the ambient temperature; the way
that life gives way to death; rocks erode into sand; ordered gardens degenerate into
a wilderness. None of these processes are reversible without the injection of external
influence. Information cannot increase without intelligent design and input. Information
can reduce, but it will not increase by chance.
These two laws show us that the universe was created at a certain point in time.
It cannot have gradually come into being. Nothing could have just happened to bring
it into existence by itself. Since then, energy and matter have been and are being
exchanged, but nothing is being added to the closed system of the universe. However,
the exchange of energy and matter are going in the direction of entropy, towards
chaos. There is nothing in the universe to move it in the opposite direction, towards
order. The universe had to start with a fixed amount of energy and mass and order
and eventually will die when all the matter, subject to the law of entropy has been
turned into energy, as heat and light and radiation. Nothing within the universe
can change that final destiny. Information from outside and intelligent intervention
would be required to reverse that process.
These universal laws prove that creation in all its complexity cannot have come about
by chance. Since each part of the universe is subject to these laws, the sum of all
the parts cannot be subject to a different law. The universe and all of its parts
were designed and fashioned by an intelligence belonging to a being who we call God.
It was designed and created perfect, as perfect as it ever will be and is steadily
deteriorating, getting slower, losing heat and order until eventually the universe
will dissipate and die.
When did it start?
We can only observe data as we see it today or have measured and recorded in the
past since records have been maintained. No human being was present during creation
and therefore everything we know has to be inferred. Or the One who was there and
effected creation has to be believed. The problem with inference is that it requires
assumptions, which if they are incorrect invalidate the conclusions. An example,
as we have discussed, is the speed of light, which was assumed to be a constant and
now has proved to be variable.
Science can only work with observable facts and provable laws. To go beyond that,
is an act of faith. Since we cannot prove what happened at the start of the universe,
as we shall discuss, it makes sense to believe the description of One who not only
witnessed it, but made it happen. The alternative is to believe a story made up by
people who were not there, even when observable facts actually contradict what they
are speculating. We will begin by examining the Biblical account, which points to
a time somewhere around 6000 years ago.
6 Day Creation
The first chapter of Genesis describes creation in terms of days, beginning with
the evening, followed by the morning. On the first day God created the universe which
was formless and empty. This implies a liquid or gaseous state and in motion. He
also separated light from darkness. This was not a day and night as we know it since
the sun had not been created. It was a period of time known only to God who is eternal.
The light does not refer to the light of the sun, but rather light and power and
energy in the fullest sense of the word. In this he was creating the laws by which
the universe was destined to operate for its duration. He was creating the atom,
the very fabric of the universe, separating positive from negative out of nothing.
If an equal positive and negative charge are brought together, they destroy each
other with a release of energy and destruction of the matter. This is the basis of
the atomic or nuclear bomb in which matter is converted to energy. Creation is the
reverse of this process. The act of creation is to make something out of nothing
and man is unable to do this. By the power of His Word, God injected energy into
nothingness to create the 3 dimensional universe. In a supernatural act, all the
energy in the universe was created in an instant at the Big Bang and entropy was
reversed in order to create matter.
It would be as easy for God to do this from His eternal dimension as it would be
for me to take a sheet of paper and draw a picture. As a 3 dimensional being I can
create, change and destroy 2 or even 3 dimensional objects. So God can just create
whatever He wants in our universe.
The Bible tells us that the physical universe is not eternal. It had a beginning
and it has an end. Whilst evolutionists would like us to believe that the beginning
was billions of years ago and it will continue for millions more years, the Bible
implies that the age of the universe is much less, counted in thousands of years
and the end is little more than 1000 years away. However, before the end, there is
a lot yet to happen, which we will discuss later,
In trying to reconcile the Biblical account with scientific position, some Christians
believe that God created the earth and its inhabitants through evolution; so called
Theistic Evolution. They would argue that the ‘day’ may be thousands or millions
of years. Scriptures that are quoted to support this state that a day to God is as
a thousand years and a thousand years are but a day (2 Peter 3:8 and Psalm 90:4).
Some argue that the writer of Genesis, possibly Moses, seeing the creation process
in a vision as a series of snapshots, would interpret this as a series of consecutive
However, if you adopt the position that creation took place over millions or billions
of years and try to reconcile this with the Biblical account, the Biblical order
does not make sense. The sun and the moon, which are essential to life on earth as
we know it, were not created until day 4. However, until day 4 we have no clock upon
which to base the time. The day would probably not be 24 hours which is the time
taken for the earth to rotate once on its axis facing the sun. It could have been
billions of years, since time on Earth had no meaning until the sun was created.
So a possible solution to the conundrum could be that, of the 6-day creation, the
first 3 days are some indeterminate period without time until the sun and moon were
in place. For the remaining 3 days of creation, we can begin to measure time in terms
of a day being a rotation of the earth. As we shall see later, 3 days is a significant
time period to God.
Each day begins with darkness and chaos and ends in the light and order. This is
reversal of entropy. Left to chance, the universe would obey the law of entropy and
go from light and order into darkness and disorder. There has to be a first cause,
which was God’s word, speaking into darkness and bringing forth order. Correspondingly,
the Jewish day uses God’s definition, which begins at twilight rather than midnight.
The convention we use in the west, based on the Gregorian calendar, begins at midnight
and runs through to the next midnight, counting from 0 to 24 hours. The Jewish day
begins at sunset. So, for example, the Jewish Sabbath day begins at say 6 pm on Friday
evening and runs through to 6 pm on Saturday and so on. This is how God defined days
in the beginning.
Let’s look at the events of each day in more detail.